A Book for Dorothy Canfield Fisher Day: Rough-Hewn (1922)

I have neglected Dorothy Canfield Fisher’s work for  a long time, because I was torn over which of two books about the same two characters I should read first.

The book that was written first but set later, or the book that was written second but set earlier? Writing order or chronological order? The book I owned or the book that I didn’t? My head said the first and my heart said the second!

As Dorothy Canfield’s day on The Birthday Book of Underappreciated Authors drew near I knew that I had to make a decision, and I did. The heart won! It told me that I wanted to meet these two characters – Neale and Marise – as children, and that I didn’t want my impressions of them as children to be affected by my knowledge of what they would do, what would happen to them in later life. The head appreciated the sense of that!

‘Rough-Hewn’ follows Neil and Marise from childhood to the beginnings of their adult lives when they finally meet.

Neale grows up in  New Jersey, the only child of parents who are devoted to each other.  They send him to a private school, and he does well enough but sports and games are his consuming passion. He progresses to college at Columbia, where football becomes the focus and striving for success teaches him a great deal; and he spends his summer in  Massachusetts, where his grandfather runs the family lumber mill. Eventually he will work there too, and his new ideas breather new life into the business. He is a success, but when the friend who had become a girlfriend leaves him he questions his purpose in life.  He gives up his job to travel, hoping to find an answer…

Marise Allen grows up in Bayonne, near France’s border with Spain. Her father is the sales representative of an American company there, but his family has moved to France not for that but because Marise’s mother believes that she will be happier there than she was in  provincial American life. She loves her daughter, but she is too caught up with her own pursuit of art, culture and love to play the role of mother. Marise’s upbringing is left  to the Basque servants, who love her dearly but have no regard for her mother.  When her mother’s actions spark a tragedy and a scandal the servants and her teacher do everything they can to protect Marise, but she is profoundly affected and she has only her distant father, who will do his duty but not much more, to help her find her place in the world …

The  story of each life was told quite beautifully, with sensitivity, with intelligence, with empathy, and without one single drop of sentimentality. There is no plot as such, but I was captivated by the unfolding of each life. I noticed that they were told rather differently. Neale’s story was told in a straightforward way, always from his point of view; while Marise’s story was often told through the accounts of people around her. That reflected the different nature of the stories, and while I found Neale’s story easier to read I was more anxious to follow Marise’s story.

I found so much to love in this book.

Dorothy Canfield Fisher drew out the characteristics of the two families beautifully.

I loved the portrayal of the happy marriage of Neale’s parents, and at first I wondered if he was coming second to the relationship between the two of them, but in time I realised that they were working hard at the business of parenthood and making sure that he had the right opportunities to learn and grow and was well equipped for whatever life he might want to live.

Marise’s parents were more difficult to love, but even so I could understand.

The evolution of those characters and their relationships were quite brilliantly done. There were so many significant moments perfectly caught, and a great many lessons were learned.

There were a great many more characters who were so well drawn that they lived and breathed. I was particularly taken with Jeanne, the servant who loved Marise like a daughter; and with Eugenia, Marise’s spirited school-friend.

I was equally taken with what the telling of Neale’s story and Marise’s story had to say about education and how we learn and grow.

Music would be Marise’s salvation, and I loved reading about it.

“The silence was intense.

And then it seemed to her that the silence had been broken by a voice, a beautiful, quivering voice, deep and true, which went straight to her heart, as though some one had spoken a strong, loving word. At the sound she stopped trembling and sat motionless.

Before she could draw her breath in wonder, she knew what it had been … only a note of music. Her own hand falling on a key of the piano had struck a note, which was even then echoing in her ears.

But the first impression was ineffaceable. That, too, rang in her ears. It seemed as though it was the first time she had ever heard a note of music. Really, really that was so. She had never been still enough before to hear how a note sounded. How it rang and rang in the stillness, its deep vibration stirring echoes deep within Marise’s heart! She had thought it was a voice. Why, it was like a voice, a voice speaking to her, just when she had been so sure that there wasn’t any voice she could possibly expect to hear.

She sat up marveling, and struck another note. Into the dead, stagnant air of the room, and into her loneliness, it sang out bravely, the same living voice, thrilling and speaking to her. She struck a chord, astonished at what she heard in it—all those separate voices, each one rich and true and strong and different from the others, and all shouting together in glorious friendliness. “That’s the way things ought to be,” thought Marise, “that’s the way people ought to be.” But, oh, how little they were like that! But here was a world where she could always make it come true, where she could have that singing-together any time she wished to make it for herself.

She struck more chords, her fingers finding the keys with the second-nature sureness, learned in her months of dreary practice.

She listened to the sounds, shaken and transported to hear how they flooded the barren emptiness of the room with glory, how they filled her heart full, full of happiness … only if she were happy, why was she crying, the tears running as fast as they could down her cheeks?

This was one of the remembered moments which brought nothing but a pang of joy to Marise. When it came, the world about her brightened.”

I couldn’t feel the same way about Neale’s love of sport, but I could understand why it was so fundamental for him.

I did feel the same way about his discovery and his love of books:

“He didn’t suppose these grown-up books in the library could be worth anything, but he took down a volume to see.

“Ours was the marsh country, down by the river, within twenty miles of the sea. My first most vivid impression of the identity of things seems to me to have been gained on a memorable raw afternoon towards evening. At such a time I found out for certain that this bleak place over-grown with nettles was the churchyard …”

Half an hour later Neale was still standing by the book-case, the book in his hand, his mouth hanging open, shivering in the clammy mist together with Pip and the man with the iron chain. An hour later he was tucked into the Morris chair, among the cushions of which he hid the book when the dinner bell made him reluctantly lay it aside.

What made him hide it? An invincible sense of moral decency made him hide it. He would have shuddered and cowered like a modest girl whose bed-room door is opened inadvertently by a stranger, at the very idea of carrying the book to the table and pouring out to his father what it made him feel. With a shy, virginal delicacy he stood guard, half-frightened, half-enchanted, over the first warm gush from the unexpected well-springs of emotion in his heart. If his father had come into the room, had seen what he was reading and asked him how he liked it, he would have answered briefly, “Oh, all right.”

But for the next three days he did nothing but live with Pip, and feel intolerable sympathy, far deeper than anything he had ever felt in his own healthy life, for the convict victim of society. On the afternoon of the third day, his heart pounding hard with hope, he was in the row-boat, in the track of the steamer. The Morris-chair in which he sat, swayed up and down to the ocean rhythm of the great deeps which bore him along. He peered forward. There was the steamer at last, coming head on. He called to Provis to sit still, “she was nearing us very fast,” … “her shadow on us,” … and then, oh, gosh! … the police-boat, the betrayal, the summons to surrender!

Neale’s soul recoiled upon itself in a shudder of horrified revolt. He recognized the traitor, a white terror on his face. Grinding his teeth, Neale leaped at his throat. With a roar the water closed over their heads … he would never let him go, never, never…. Down they went to the depths, to the black depths, fiercely locked in each other’s arms. Neale smothered and strangled there … and came up into another world, the world of books.”

There are many more wonderful passages that I could pull out.

Dorothy Canfield Fisher created a world, she made it spin, and she spoke quietly and profoundly about the human condition.

I knew how this book would end, but I was so caught up that I didn’t think about it until I got there.

That final act was so right, so perfectly done, that I could happily read it over and over again.

I’m not quite ready to let go of this book yet, but when I am I will read the other book that Dorothy Canfield Fisher wrote about Neal and Marise, and I am quite sure that after that I will be reading more of her work.

16 thoughts on “A Book for Dorothy Canfield Fisher Day: Rough-Hewn (1922)

  1. I haven’t heard of this author, but she sounds like an interesting woman and I think you chose the correct order to read the books, reading the set up novel prior to the truly inspired one that came first.

    I was a little disheartened to read that they are considering removing her name from a long standing children’s book award, due to rumours of er being supportive of the eugenics movement, something that seems incongruous with the kind of woman she was.

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    1. I haven’t read too much about her, but I an interested by what I have read and from the two novels I’ve read. Her support for the eugenics movement does seem incongruous, and I am sorry that we can’t simply judge a writer who lived in a very different age by her books.

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  2. This sounds wonderful, not a book I had heard of before. I was going to read a DCF with the librarything group, but I’ve not managed it and have come away today for a few days without one in my bag. I shall have to look out for this though.

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  3. I’ve just read Dorothy Canfield Fisher for the first time thanks to your Birthday Book! I decided to read the other book about Neale and Marise as it’s the one that was written first, but I can understand the argument for reading them the other way round. I don’t think she is going to become a favourite author for me, but I did find a lot to enjoy and would still like to read Rough-Hewn.

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    1. I loved this book but ‘The Brimming Cup’ does seem to be getting mixed reviews in the LIbrarything Virago group, where DCF is author of the month. I think she does many things well but I can understand why she isn’t going to be a universal favourite, and it might be that a book about young people growing up is easier to love that a book about the adults they become. I’ll ne interested to know what you think of ‘Rough-Hewn if you decide to read the back story.

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  4. Such wonderful quotes! I dithered about attempting one of her books for DCF Day but settled instead for a Dorothy Whipple. I knew I couldn’t fit in both writers this month. Hopefully there will be another DCF day and I’ll get to try her for myself. Thanks for a great review, Jane.

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  5. A lovely review, Jane! I’m so glad that you enjoyed this. I read it first as well, and as I remember, I learned about the earlier book from you.

    I loved the part when Neale discovers books, and the power of stories. I remember too worrying about his family, his parents, and then realizing how well and carefully they were raising their son – in sad contrast to Marise’s parents. I think DCF’s husband had a lot of influence on Neale’s football career 🙂

    I am trying to remember anything of hers that I’ve read that could be considered supporting eugenics, but I can’t right now, other than some comments in her letters about African Americans all being musical and so on.

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  6. Thanks for sharing this passage. I have attempted in the past to explain to a new author how to write about music. He finds music enthralling and it fills his writing, but he needs help in capturing the magic of it, This passage from Dorothy Canfield Fisher is a perfect example.

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  7. This sounds like a great read; I’ve read “The Brimming Cup” but hadn’t heard of this one. How interesting that she obviously decided to write the couple’s back story having written their story. I wonder why – does the introduction explain?

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  8. I love the lengthy book quote: that’s just the kind of detail that wins me over completely in a story that I was rather enjoying. It reminds me of finding the bookish bits in Elizabeth Taylor’s At Mrs. Lippincote’s. Although I have been slow to get to the idea, I have printed out a list of the birthday reading you have planned and I hope to fit something in myself; the overlap planned by the LibraryThing Virago book group might help with that too! I do want to try to squeeze in a DCF, but perhaps that’s overly optimistic *checks calendar*. Guess you’re getting ready for E.H. Young next?

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